Why Copper Wire So Expensive? All 6 Reasons

Any form of electrical work requires the use of electrical wire. Electrical wiring will be required whether you wish to power an outdoor hot tub or a new room. On average, electrical wire can be purchased for anywhere between $1 and over $200. You might be curious as to Why Copper Wire So Expensive?

Why Copper Wire So Expensive?

Copper is widely used because it is a safe conductor and can be used in electrical wiring. It’s less likely to cause an electrical fire since it heats up less quickly than other metals.

Additionally, it means that the metal is less likely to distort when heated. The issue with copper is that since 2020, its price has been continuously rising. The price of copper rose by 22% in that year.

Copper Wire So Expensive

Goldman Sachs analysts expected that the price of copper would increase through 2021 and 2022. Everything that contains copper will now cost more money since copper is more expensive. This is because manufacturers incur higher expenses to produce their goods.

Customers will have to pay more for their items if they pay more for copper. That includes the plumbing and electrical systems. Since copper is used extensively in the production process, the cost to manufacturers is high. Those costs are borne by their clientele. Additionally, copper is in high demand, driving its price.

More construction projects occur when the weather is better during different times of the year. Everyone, from individuals to large corporations, is improving their electrical systems and pipes. Copper is in greater demand. Hence the price rises further. All copper items consequently increase in price.


Silver Price Increases

The specialists at Goldman Sachs are paying attention to other precious metals than just copper. They also think that silver will become more expensive in 2022. Silver had previously had its highest price at $30 per ounce in 2020 since 2013.

There are several causes for the increase in the price of silver, which affects some products like electrical wiring. The emphasis on particular initiatives involving renewable energy is one of the main causes. The US government plans two initiatives to move the nation toward renewable energy.

The first is a rise in solar panel installation. The manufacture of solar panels depends heavily on silver. The expansion of 5G internet across the nation is the other initiative. Silver is also needed for this manufacture. These projects will require a substantial amount of silver due to their size.

Since there is currently a limited supply, this affects the price of silver. Mexico and Peru are two of the greatest silver producers on the market. After the COVID-19 pandemic, their mines and ore processing facilities encountered difficulties resuming.

To stop the spread of an outbreak, both had to close often. Due to the need for a consistent supply of silver, manufacturers have been forced to compete for the limited available supply. This indicates that silver has become more valuable.

Manufacturers’ costs rise due to having to pay more for the material. Although silver does not make nearly as much electrical wiring as copper does, it nevertheless serves a significant function as a plate copper conductor in circumstances with frequently high temperatures.

Silver is crucial for industrial applications as a result. The price has increased since there is less supply and more demand for the resource. Due to the high cost of silver, electrical wiring is expensive.

A Rise In Resin Prices

Metal isn’t the only commodity whose price has been on the rise. Plastic resin is likewise increasing in price. The resin plays a critical role in electrical wiring. It helps in joining and repairing wires as well as replacing cable jackets.

In this case, the resin coats the jacket and protects the bare wire inside. It’s a defence for the wire because it prevents moisture from getting in.  Everyone is aware that electricity and water shouldn’t be combined.

Water conducts electricity very well. The current of electricity can go a great distance if it enters a water stream. Electrical wire can sustain substantial harm from even tiny moisture droplets.

The wire may short out, ignite, or even catch fire due to it. The resin safeguards electrical wiring by keeping any moisture apart from the actual wiring. It aids in insulating the wires as well.

Considering how crucial resin is to the durability and safety of wiring, several producers of electrical wire incorporate it into their designs. Sadly, this is also driving up the cost of electrical wiring. That’s because several reasons have caused the resin’s price to rise gradually.

The first is a result of the current global oil supply issues. Plastic, called resin, is made from oil manufacturing. There wasn’t much resin manufacture because of the pandemic’s closure of industries and refineries. Furthermore, there was even less of a demand for oil during lockdowns.

The outcome was a drop in resin output as well. When there was container scarcity, there was a transportation issue. Since fewer containers were available, exporters could have sent out less resin than they desired.

This indicated that there was a very limited supply of resin. As is the case at certain times of the year, when supply is low, and demand is high, the price of resin increases. This issue is still present today. Because the resin is so expensive, electrical wiring is also expensive.

Costs Of Packaging Supplies

The electrical wire may require specialized packing in various cases. Products cannot afford to be damaged by exposure to moisture or other elements during production.

Wiring is typically protected from damage during transport by being encased in plywood, other wood products, and corrugated cardboard. The problem with these packing supplies is that their prices have recently skyrocketed.

A few factors contribute to the rising prices. The COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on labor and supply systems are the most important. During the pandemic, several forestry and lumber industries had to reduce their output.

Some were even made to shut down because they weren’t considered necessary. As a result, the supply of all timber and paper goods could have been much higher for a while. Additionally, factories had to close. To reduce costs, some even had to let go of employees. There was a rapid increase in demand for their standard products after the lockdowns were lifted.

However, factories, lumber mills, and logging operations could only meet demand with their whole workforce. This resulted in higher pricing for products made of paper and wood due to the low supply. There’s a good chance everyone remembers the pandemic’s lack of toilet paper. There needed to be more plywood and cardboard, among other things.

Due to the rise in home repair initiatives, plywood, in particular, was experiencing a unique shortage. People used the extra money they received from the government to do home modifications since they were confined to their homes.

This implied that many homes were purchasing and utilizing plywood. This resulted in an even greater material deficit. Finally, businesses require more cardboard than ever because of the rise in online and in-person shopping.

Box packing continues to be primarily made of cardboard. Demand was high, and supply began to decline. The cost of purchasing the necessary material for packaging increased. The price of electrical wiring has increased because of these factors, forcing businesses to pay more for packaging their products. The price of packing materials impacts the cost of electrical wiring.

Transport Charges

Electrical wire is expensive due in part to the high expense of transporting it. Electric wire producers face several transportation costs.

However, they must first cover the cost of supplying their plants with raw materials. Even if another party employs the producers’ trucks and drivers to have the items for the businesses, the producers will still be on the hook for all shipping expenses. These materials then need to be moved through their production facilities.

During this stage, a few other shorter types of movement may occur if particular products must be transferred from one factory to another. When suppliers deem the goods ready, they ship them to their clients. Logistics and transportation costs have increased.

One of the contributing factors is the severe driver shortage. During the COVID-19 pandemic, fewer goods needed to be carried; hence many fleets had to reduce their workforce. The same companies found themselves in a sudden demand for truck drivers when the lockdowns abruptly ended faster than anyone had anticipated.

Drivers soon understood that they could exert some control by refusing to accept the same salary and treatment they had previously received. For the kind of work they do, the majority desired more income. As a result, there is a workforce shortage in the logistics and transportation sector. Fewer drivers translate to fewer commodities being transported across the nation.

Because it causes bottlenecks, this influences the electrical wiring makers. Depending on how many drivers they can locate, they can only send as many things as possible. Prices rise due to fewer products entering retailers and a constant or even rising demand.

Low supply meets moderate to high demand. Additionally, there was an issue with shipping containers. The epidemic significantly strained the supply system, particularly regarding ports and international commerce.

The issue was made worse by a rise in online buying. The number of containers that manufacturers had was less than they required. Due to the limited supply of fresh containers, there was a bidding war to rent or purchase additional containers.

Additionally, this increased the price of making electrical wire. The cost of electrical wiring has increased due to all these price hikes and supply issues. Due to the greater costs of logistics and transportation, it is pricey.

Size Of Wire Spool

The spool size is one factor that contributes to the overall price of electrical wire. Wiring of varying lengths is available from several vendors—the price of wiring rises according to its length.

For example, some of the most costly electrical wiring spools are nearly a thousand feet long. An electrician or general contractor can wire a substantial section of a room, or even a larger house, with just a single spool.

However, it costs more because more resources are used in its production. The price of making a 1,000-foot electrical line is more than that of making one 500 feet long. The manufacturer will need to charge more to cover the additional costs.

But because the maker utilized more materials to make it, it is more expensive. The price of making a 1,000-foot electrical line is more than that of making one 500 feet long. The manufacturer will need to charge more to cover the additional costs.

High-priced products will have high pricing if the cost of materials is rising. The length of electrical wire and how it affects production costs make it pricey.

Labor Charges

Prices for electrical lines are affected by more than just the cost of materials. Prices for labor have also gone up. After the COVID-19 virus spread, workers pushed for higher pay in general. In many places, the cost of living is much higher than what people can earn. Workers asked for more pay or quit to make a real living.

In addition to manufacturing, other industries have been hit by this kind of worker shortage. Many businesses have raised employee wages to retain staff. As a result, the factory’s operating expenses are highest, and they have to charge more to recoup those expenditures. Others have chosen to provide their employees extra benefits to retain them.

The business is bearing additional expenses to recruit more employees through better health insurance, more paid vacation days, or assistance with student loans. Their increased operating expenses are reflected in the cost of their electrical wiring. Due to the rise in labor expenses, electrical wiring is costly.


Because there is such a great demand for everything electric, copper wire is expensive. Everything that uses electricity, from a hair dryer to a high-speed train, includes an electric motor constructed primarily of copper wire.

Every wire that is installed in a house is made of copper. Additionally, copper must be cleaned, transported, and mined from mines before it can be used in manufacturing. Normally, this involves a lengthy maritime voyage. That’s all I have Why Copper Wire So Expensive?

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is copper wiring so costly?

The need for copper is endless. In locations as diverse as Utah, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and China, this metal is mined. Since the beginning of the year, copper prices have increased by about 10%, partly due to the metal’s importance for renewable energy technology and the move away from fossil fuels.

Do copper wires cost a lot?

Expenses have increased over the past quarter for 600-volt stranded type THWN-THHN #10 copper wire and are now $280.65 per MLF. Overall, a rise of around 67% since the third quarter of 2020, when copper wire prices were at their highest in recent memory.

What makes copper cable so superior?

After silver, copper is the second most conductive metal. This makes it easier for electricity to move through to be used in electrical lines. Other conductive metals can be used to make electrical lines.

Why isn’t copper used in the wire?

The copper metal has a low resistance. Copper wire can’t be used as a regulator because the potential difference between the ends of the wire isn’t big enough. We don’t use copper in potentiometers because of its low resistivity and high-temperature coefficient of resistance.

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